Anatomy and Body

Vagus Nerve

By on July 4th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

What is the Vagus Nerve (CN X) ? The Latin “vag” means “vagrant” or “wandering.” Knowing its distribution throughout the body, it is fit to call the vagus (pronunciation: VAY-gus) nerve as such [1, 2]. Unlike the other cranial nerves, vagus nerve is spread in different organs, making its functions much more appreciated. Vagus nerve […]

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Where is the Heart Located ?

By on July 3rd, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

The Heart Heart is a very important organ which acts as a muscular pump. It pumps the blood that circulate around the whole body and provide oxygen and nutrients to all organs which is needed for their survival. The heart is a conical organ and the size of the heart depends on the age of […]

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Sternum

By on July 2nd, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Pain Management

Sternum Definition and Function The sternum or breastbone is a vertical flat bone lying at the anterior middle part of the chest. Externally, it is made up of compact bone. Inside of it is a cancellous or spongy tissue that is entirely vascular. The adult length of the sternum measures 15-17 cm. It is larger […]

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Cricoid Cartilage

By on June 29th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Cricoid Cartilage Definition and Structure Cricoid cartilage is an unpaired hyaline cartilage located in the larynx at C6 vertebral level. It rests inferior to the thyroid cartilage. It has a characteristic signet ring shape where the anterior part has an arch and the posterior part is a broad lamina. Cricoid cartilage increases its size as […]

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Mandibular Fossa

By on June 25th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Mandibular Fossa Definition Mandibular fossa is a concavity in the squamous portion of the skull’s temporal bone. This is the area where the head of the mandible articulates with the articular disk. It allows the mouth to be closed and opened, meaning it exists to perform mastication. Its articular exterior is sheathed by fibrocartilage [1]. […]

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Orbicularis Oculi Muscle

By on June 25th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Orbicularis oculi Definition Orbicularis oculi (pronunciation: or-bi-kyu-LAR-is OK-yu-lai) refers to the muscle around the eyes. Its origin is the medial side of the orbit and the insertion is the path that circles the orbit. The nerve responsible for it is the facial nerve or cranial nerve VII [1]. Orbicularis oculi is not attached to any […]

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Central Sulcus

By on June 21st, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Definition: What is the Central Sulcus of Rolando? A sulcus is a defined as a deep groove that separates the gyri or convolutions on the surface of the brain. Named after Luigi Rolando, the central sulcus (of Rolando) or Rolandic fissure is a part of the brain that extends from the cerebral longitudinal fissure up […]

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Location and Pictures of Different Organs In The Abdomen

By on March 30th, 2013 in Anatomy and Body

This Article is the detailed account of all the major organs that are categorized under the nine regions in the abdominal cavity 1) Stomach 2) Intestines a)  Small Intestine Duodenum Jejunum Ileum b) Large Intestine Ceacum Colon (Ascending, Transverse and Descending) Rectum Anal Canal 3) Liver 4) Gall bladder 5) Pancreas 6) Spleen 7) Kidneys […]

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