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Shoulder Blade Pain

By on May 5th, 2015 in Pain Management

Shoulder blades or scapulae are the triangular shaped bones located on your upper back below and behind the shoulders. Right and left shoulder blades serve as the anchor for muscles that contribute to movements of the upper trunk, shoulders, and arms. Its function in everyday movements makes it difficult to ignore the pain felt in, […]

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Patella Alta

By on August 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Patella Alta : Definition Patella alta or high-riding patella is an anatomical variation and bone malalignment of the patella (kneecap) in relation to the surrounding bones. The patella is structurally placed higher in the femoral trochlea than it should be. Patella baja or infera is the opposite of patella alta. It is a low-riding patella […]

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Endosteum

By on August 3rd, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

Endosteum : Definition and Functions The endosteum is a structure in the middle of bone tissue and bone marrow. It is a thin covering that surrounds the medullary cavity. It coats the inner compact bone and the trabeculae of the spongy bone. It covers the loose structures found inside the bone. It is made up […]

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Xiphoid Process

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Pain Management

Xiphoid Process and Pain Definition Other names for the xiphoid process are processus xiphoideus, ensiform or xiphoid appendix. It rests at the 10th thoracic vertebra. It is the tiniest and lowest part of the sternum. Unlike the other two parts of the sternum namely manubrium and body, there are costal cartilages and ribs that are […]

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Basal Ganglia

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Diseases and Conditions

What is Basal Ganglia? The basal ganglia or basal nuclei are group of subcortical nuclei located at the base of the forebrain. They are significantly united with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem. The basal ganglia play a major role in voluntary motor functions, procedural learning, routines or habits, and eye movements. They also have […]

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Epiglottis

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Diseases and Conditions, Pain Management

Epiglottis : Definition and Function “Epi” means above and “glottis” pertains to the tongue. From these terms, we can derive its definition and location. Epiglottis is a flap of tissue found at the most superior part of the larynx. It is anchored by the epiglottic cartilage which is an elastic type. It acts as a […]

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Thecal Sac

By on July 4th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Pain Management

What is a Thecal Sac : Definition and Structure: The thecal sac is a covering of the spinal canal that is filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It houses the spinal cord and nerve roots. It is made up of outer arachnoid membrane and inner dura. It is wider in females. The length is approximately until S1 to […]

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Iliac Crest

By on July 4th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Pain Management

Definition and Function The iliac crest is the margin of the ileum. It is a curved, broad structure made to protect the insides of the pelvic region. It serves as an attachment of muscles, aponeurosis, and fascia of the nearby structures [1]. Iliac Crest Photos of Anatomy: Where is it Located? The iliac crest is […]

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Vagus Nerve

By on July 4th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

What is the Vagus Nerve (CN X) ? The Latin “vag” means “vagrant” or “wandering.” Knowing its distribution throughout the body, it is fit to call the vagus (pronunciation: VAY-gus) nerve as such [1, 2]. Unlike the other cranial nerves, vagus nerve is spread in different organs, making its functions much more appreciated. Vagus nerve […]

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Where is the Heart Located ?

By on July 3rd, 2014 in Anatomy and Body

The Heart Heart is a very important organ which acts as a muscular pump. It pumps the blood that circulate around the whole body and provide oxygen and nutrients to all organs which is needed for their survival. The heart is a conical organ and the size of the heart depends on the age of […]

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