Diseases and Conditions

Anterolisthesis

By on July 22nd, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Anterolisthesis vs Spondylolisthesis Spondylolisthesis is the general term for slippage of one vertebra on an adjacent vertebra. The slippage can either be anterolisthesis or retrolisthesis. Anterolisthesis Definition Anterolisthesis is derived from two words: ante meaning front and listhesis which means slippage. The condition anterolisthesis is a form of spondylolisthesis where there is anterior displacement or […]

Continue Reading »

Encephalomalacia

By on May 8th, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition Encephalomalacia (pronunciation: \in-ˌsef-ə-lō-mə-ˈlā-sh(ē-)ə\; ICD-9: 348.89) refers to cerebral softening or loss of brain tissue or parenchyma. It is most commonly seen in the anterior frontal and temporal lobes. This is one of the most severe complications of brain injury (1,3) In neonates and infants, there is what we call multicystic encephalomalacia. As the term […]

Continue Reading »

Trichiasis or Ingrown Eyelash

By on May 1st, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition of Trichiasis Trichiasis (pronunciation: \tri-ˈkī-ə-səs\; ICD-9: 374.05), a very common abnormality of the eyelid, refers to an ingrown eyelash. The eyelashes come from their usual normal origin but in this case, the hair is directed inward toward the eye. This causes continuous eye irritation, pain, redness, among other symptoms [1–3]. Imagine something that is […]

Continue Reading »

Anasarca

By on January 4th, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition Anasarca (pronunciation: an′ă-sar′kă; ICD-9: 782.3), also known as hydrosarca or dropsy, is the medical jargon for generalized edema. The presence of marked swelling of the entire body signifies a severe underlying condition. In contrast with the word “swelling,” the whole body is grossly edematous and not just a certain part. The edema is due […]

Continue Reading »

Steatorrhea

By on December 12th, 2015 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Steatorrhea ? Definition : Steatorrhea is not a disorder but a symptom that fecal matter is frothy with a foul smell because of high-fat content. Typically, medics use this term to refer to loose fat in stool and are often pronounced as “stē′ətərē′ə,” from two Greek words “stear” and “rhoia” for fat and […]

Continue Reading »

Basal Ganglia

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Diseases and Conditions

What is Basal Ganglia? The basal ganglia or basal nuclei are group of subcortical nuclei located at the base of the forebrain. They are significantly united with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem. The basal ganglia play a major role in voluntary motor functions, procedural learning, routines or habits, and eye movements. They also have […]

Continue Reading »

Epiglottis

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Diseases and Conditions, Pain Management

Epiglottis : Definition and Function “Epi” means above and “glottis” pertains to the tongue. From these terms, we can derive its definition and location. Epiglottis is a flap of tissue found at the most superior part of the larynx. It is anchored by the epiglottic cartilage which is an elastic type. It acts as a […]

Continue Reading »

Torus Palatinus

By on July 3rd, 2014 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Torus Palatinus ? Torus palatinus is a benign peculiarity wherein there is a bony outgrowth on the palate. It is a normal bump on the roof of the mouth. It is one of the most common exostosis involving the oral cavity. It is not cancerous, nor it is painful or sore. It comes […]

Continue Reading »

Coughing Up Phlegm

By on March 6th, 2013 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Phlegm? As the name implies, this is a condition in which cough is associated with sputum production. The term phlegm signifies an inflammation that results into an excessive mucous production. This excessive mucous cough outs as a sputum. Sputum colour, consistency and nature may vary depending on the nature of the problem. It […]

Continue Reading »

Back to Top