Diseases and Conditions

How to increase platelet count

By on May 27th, 2017 in Diseases and Conditions

Platelets circulates within the body and when they recognize damaged blood vessels, they bind together to clot the blood and prevent further bleeding. Platelet is the smallest blood cell and is only visible under the microscope. It is called platelet because it looks like small plates. During injury or damage, the blood vessels will send […]

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Hypervolemia

By on April 9th, 2017 in Diseases and Conditions

Hypervolemia Facts Hypervolemia, also known as fluid overload, is an excessive increase in the volume of fluid volume. It is an abnormal increase in blood plasma volume, which causes an elevated blood volume. [4, 2] The condition involves expansion of the volume of extracellular fluid and covers the interstitial and intravascular space. The cause can […]

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Facet Arthropathy

By on March 24th, 2017 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Facet Arthropathy ? Facet arthropathy has been considered a leading cause of lower back pain for over 50 years. It rarely involves the spinal nerves but can cause great distress and discomfort. The facet joints are those that help with the flexibility in the back. Their scientific name is zygapophyseal joints.  The word […]

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Ischial Tuberosity

By on March 15th, 2017 in Diseases and Conditions

Ischial tuberosity has two parts. The ischial comes from the word ischium which is a pelvic bone. On the other hand, tuberosity is a Latin word, which means lump. A person with ischial tuberosity has a bony protrusion, which carries the weight of the body when sitting. Hence, it is tagged as the sitting bone. […]

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Anterolisthesis

By on July 22nd, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Anterolisthesis vs Spondylolisthesis Spondylolisthesis is the general term for slippage of one vertebra on an adjacent vertebra. The slippage can either be anterolisthesis or retrolisthesis. Anterolisthesis Definition Anterolisthesis is derived from two words: ante meaning front and listhesis which means slippage. The condition anterolisthesis is a form of spondylolisthesis where there is anterior displacement or […]

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Encephalomalacia

By on May 8th, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition Encephalomalacia (pronunciation: \in-ˌsef-ə-lō-mə-ˈlā-sh(ē-)ə\; ICD-9: 348.89) refers to cerebral softening or loss of brain tissue or parenchyma. It is most commonly seen in the anterior frontal and temporal lobes. This is one of the most severe complications of brain injury (1,3) In neonates and infants, there is what we call multicystic encephalomalacia. As the term […]

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Trichiasis or Ingrown Eyelash

By on May 1st, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition of Trichiasis Trichiasis (pronunciation: \tri-ˈkī-ə-səs\; ICD-9: 374.05), a very common abnormality of the eyelid, refers to an ingrown eyelash. The eyelashes come from their usual normal origin but in this case, the hair is directed inward toward the eye. This causes continuous eye irritation, pain, redness, among other symptoms [1–3]. Imagine something that is […]

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Anasarca

By on January 4th, 2016 in Diseases and Conditions

Definition Anasarca (pronunciation: an′ă-sar′kă; ICD-9: 782.3), also known as hydrosarca or dropsy, is the medical jargon for generalized edema. The presence of marked swelling of the entire body signifies a severe underlying condition. In contrast with the word “swelling,” the whole body is grossly edematous and not just a certain part. The edema is due […]

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Steatorrhea

By on December 12th, 2015 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Steatorrhea ? Definition : Steatorrhea is not a disorder but a symptom that fecal matter is frothy with a foul smell because of high-fat content. Typically, medics use this term to refer to loose fat in stool and are often pronounced as “stē′ətərē′ə,” from two Greek words “stear” and “rhoia” for fat and […]

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Basal Ganglia

By on July 5th, 2014 in Anatomy and Body, Diseases and Conditions

What is Basal Ganglia? The basal ganglia or basal nuclei are group of subcortical nuclei located at the base of the forebrain. They are significantly united with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem. The basal ganglia play a major role in voluntary motor functions, procedural learning, routines or habits, and eye movements. They also have […]

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